MYTHOLOGY: Andromeda was the daughter of King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia of Ethiopia. One day, Cassiopeia angered the Nereids (sea nymphs) by claiming Andromeda was more beautiful than they. As punishment, the sea god Poseidon sent Cetus (a sea monster) to destroy Cepheus’ kingdom on behalf of the Nereids; only Andromeda’s sacrifice would appease him. Andromeda was chained to a rock and left for the monster until Perseus came to her rescue. Andromeda and Perseus then married and had six children. After her death, the goddess Athena placed Andromeda’s image among the stars (between Perseus and Cassiopeia).
NOTABLE FEATURES: Size: 19th biggest constellation. Spiral Galaxy: Andromeda Galaxy1 — closest galaxy to the Milky Way & the most distant object in the night sky that is visible to the naked eye. Meteor Shower: The Andromedids — occurs in mid-November. Brightest Star: Alpharatz (Alpha Andromadae, Sirrah)2 — a binary star 200 times more luminous than the Sun.